A scanlation (alt. spelling: "scanslation"), sometimes called a fanscan, is a fan-made scan & translation of a manga. The term is derived from the words "scan" and "translation". The original manga is scanned to a computer and the Japanese text is erased and replaced with fan-translated text.

As with fansubs, scanlations are technically illegal copyright infringement, but are a tolerated fan practice so long as distribution of the scanlation ceases when the manga is licensed or the original copyright holder requests it.

See also: fansub

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