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Research Firm: Anime Studios' Revenues Down for 2nd Year (Updated)

posted on 2010-08-19 09:38 EDT
Pachinko work helped some studios; medium-sized, small studios more affected

The financial research firm Teikoku Databank reports that overall revenues for Japanese animation production companies were down for a second year in a row in 2009. According to its report on Thursday, the firm surveyed 118 major companies to determine that revenues dropped from 171.6 billion yen (about US$2.0051 billion) in 2008 to 164.830 billion yen (US$1.926 billion) in 2009 — a drop of 3.9%.

Revenues of 118 Anime Production Companies

Year Revenues in billions of yen Revenues in billions of US$ Change
2005 170.236 1.9892 -
2006 177.209 2.0707 +4.1%
2007 179.120 2.0930 +1.1%
2008 171.600 2.0051 -4.2%
2009 164.830 1.9260 -3.9%

2008-2009 Revenue Comparison

Teikoku Databank also surveyed 134 studios individually about their 2008 and 2009 revenues. 51 studios reported that revenues rose in 2008, whereas only 38 said the same in 2009.

Year Increase Decrease Largely Unchanged Total
2008 51 56 27 134
2009 38 55 41 134

Revenue Comparison by Size of Companies (2009)

By percentage, more medium-sized and small companies reported a decrease in revenue compared to the larger companies.

Size in yen Increase Decrease Largely Unchanged Total
Over 10 billion 2 2 0 4
1 billion-10 billion 9 11 3 23
100 million-1 billion 25 30 30 85
Less than 100 million 7 12 8 27
Total 43 55 41 139

However, of the 21 companies that did work in the pachinko (Japanese-style upright pinball machine) industry, 11 — over half of them — reported an increase in revenues. Only five of these companies reported a decrease, and six reported that revenues remained largely unchanged.

Location of Anime Production Companies

92% of the companies were located in Tokyo, but there were studios in other areas of Japan.

Location Number Percentage
Tokyo 160 92.0%
Saitama 5 2.9%
Osaka 2 1.1%
Toyama 2 1.1%
Other 5 2.9%
Total 174 100.0%

Size of Companies by Employees and Capital

42.0% of the anime production companies had less than 10 employees and less than 10 million yen (US$120,000) in capital.

Employees
Less than 10 10-50 50-100 Over 100 Total
Capital in yen Less than 10 million 73 (42.0%) 34 (19.5%) 8 (4.6%) 2 (1.1%) 117 (67.2%)
10 million-50 million 13 (7.5%) 13 (7.5%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 26 (14.9%)
50 million-100 million 2 (1.1%) 5 (2.9%) 4 (2.3%) 0 (0.0%) 11 (6.3%)
Over 100 million 2 (1.1%) 3 (1.7%) 9 (5.2%) 6 (3.4%) 20 (11.5%)
Total 90 (51.7%) 55 (31.6%) 21 (12.1%) 8 (4.6%) 174 (100.0%)

History

Established in October of 1946, TMS Entertainment has the longest history of all the surveyed companies. Toei Animation (January 1948) and Pierrot (March 1959) were second and third.

History Company Percentage
Over 30 years 37 21.3%
20-30 31 17.8%
10-20 55 31.6%
Less than 10 51 29.3%
Total 174 100.0%

Update: Teikoku Databank lists Pierrot's founding date in March of 1959, but Pierrot's own website lists the date as May of 1979. Thanks, Tratious.


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