: コスプレ
Cosplay is a term that originated in Japan but is based on the English words "Costume Play", essentially play-acting in costumes.

In Japan Cosplay is not limited to anime/manga, but also a staple of many other entertainment industries such as science fiction and horror. In North America the term Cosplay is reserved for anime/manga related costuming.

Cosplaying can be divided into two categories: basic cosplay and Masquerade. While basic cosplay only involves an attempt to look like a particular character, either in the halls of a convention or on stage, Masquerade is much more involved. When Masquerading, cosplayers attempt to act as the character would. They often have prepared skits with memorized lines, and the more advanced masqueraders can easilly ad-lib their character's personality.

Anime/manga cosplay has become very popular amongst fans in Japan and North America. Some Cosplayers make their own costumes, investing large amounts of time and money in the process, while others buy their costumes from professional costume designers. The end products are generally shown off at Anime conventions. Many Anime conventions hold contests for Cosplay and for Masquerade.

Some successful cosplayers have become very popular and are considered celebrities in their own right.

Crossplay is a sub-category of cosplay where the cosplayer dresses as a character of the opposite sex, for example a woman dressing as Vash the Stampede or a man dressing as Sailor Moon.

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