Rurouni Kenshin: Trust & Betrayal (OAV)

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©1999 N. WATSUKI/SHUEISHA • FUJ-TV • SPE VISUAL WORKS


[ prequel of Rurouni Kenshin (TV) ]

Alternative title:
Kenshin le Vagabond - Le chapitre de la mémoire (French)
Kenshin Samurai Vagabondo: Memorie Del Passato (Italian)
Kenshin, el Guerrero Samurai (Spanish)
Rurouni Kenshin - Meiji Kenkaku Romantan - Tsuioku Hen (Japanese)
Rurouni Kenshin: Tsuioku Hen (Japanese)
Samurai X: Reminiscence
Samurai X: Trust & Betrayal
Бродяга Кеншин - История любви Эпохи Мэйдзи (Russian)
الساموراي اكس: الثقة والخيانة (Arabic)
るろうに剣心―明治剣客浪漫譚―追憶編 (Japanese)
浪客劍心 追憶編 (Chinese (Hong Kong))
루로우니 켄신 -메이지 검객 낭만담- 추억편 (Korean)
바람의 검심: 추억편 (Korean)
Genres: action, drama, romance
Objectionable content: Intense
Plot Summary: Taken by slavers when he was a child, Himura Kenshin is rescued only when an encounter with bandits kills off everyone but him. He is found by a master of the Divine Justice School of Swordmanship, a school so deadly that to train in it means death for either the master or student—there can only be one master. Taken by the master, Kenshin is trained in this school, only to leave before finishing so that he may join the Meiji Restoration and help prevent further tragedies like his own. Thus is born the Battousai, the greatest strength of the Ishin Patriots, a boy of 15 who kills for the sake of building a new, better world. One night, he comes across a mysterious woman, Tomoe. He must hide with her when the revolution stumbles. They marry for appearances, but soon fall in love. Tomoe has another reason to be with Kenshin, one she regrets but cannot stop. Revenge must be satisfied, and only blood can do that.
User Ratings: 6458 ratings have been given [details]
 Masterpiece: 3500 votes (sub:2491, dub:828, ?:27, raw:21, edit.dub:4, Eng:1, others:128
49 Spanish subtitled
16 Portuguese subtitled
16 Spanish dubbed
13 Russian subtitled
11 French subtitled
7 Italian dubbed
4 Polish subtitled
3 Korean subtitled
2 Italian subtitled
1 Persian edited dub
1 Dutch subtitled
1 Arabic subtitled
1 Turkish subtitled
1 Russian dubbed
1 German subtitled
1 Spanish edited dub
)
 Excellent: 1421 votes (sub:969, dub:377, ?:13, raw:6, edit.dub:5, others:51
27 Spanish subtitled
8 Portuguese subtitled
6 Italian dubbed
4 Russian subtitled
3 French subtitled
1 Spanish dubbed
1 German subtitled
1 French dubbed
)
 Very good: 722 votes (sub:488, dub:196, ?:8, raw:5, edit.dub:3, others:22
9 Spanish subtitled
4 Portuguese subtitled
4 French subtitled
1 Russian dubbed
1 Italian subtitled
1 Russian subtitled
1 Arabic subtitled
1 Italian dubbed
)
 Good: 370 votes (sub:226, dub:129, raw:2, ?:1, others:12
3 Spanish subtitled
2 Spanish dubbed
2 French subtitled
2 German subtitled
1 French dubbed
1 Polish subtitled
1 Chinese Mandarin subtitled
)
 Decent: 132 votes (sub:81, dub:36, ?:6, raw:2, others:7
1 Arabic subtitled
1 German subtitled
1 Spanish dubbed
1 Italian dubbed
1 Portuguese subtitled
1 Spanish subtitled
1 Portuguese dubbed
)
 So-so: 82 votes (sub:52, dub:24, edit.dub:1, raw:1, ?:1, others:3
2 Spanish subtitled
1 German dubbed
)
 Not really good: 43 votes (sub:27, dub:15, ?:1)
 Weak: 37 votes (sub:20, dub:16, others:1
1 Polish subtitled
)
 Bad: 14 votes (sub:10, dub:4)
 Awful: 25 votes (sub:16, dub:7, others:2
2 Spanish subtitled
)
 Worst ever: 112 votes (sub:74, dub:30, raw:2, ?:1, others:5
5 Spanish subtitled
)
Seen in part or in whole by 10030 users, rank: #32 (of 6016)
Median rating: Masterpiece
Arithmetic mean: 8.934 (Excellent), std. dev.: 1.8431, rank: #62 (of 6009)
Weighted mean: 8.974 (Excellent), rank: #56 (of 6009) (seen all: 9.00 / seen some: 7.84 / won't finish: 4.73)
Bayesian estimate: 8.972 (Excellent), rank: #4 (of 4575)
Running time: half hour per episode
Number of episodes: 4
Episode titles: We have 4
Vintage: 1999-02-20 to 1999-09-22
Release dates: We have 2
Ending Theme:
"Quiet Life" by Taku Iwasaki
Links: We have 7
Trivia: We have 6
Reviews:
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Blu-Ray
    Rurouni Kenshin: Trust & Betrayal - Limited Edition (Blu-Ray) 2011-08-24
DVD (Region 1)
    Rurouni Kenshin - DVD Complete Collection (DVD) 2006-11-21
    Rurouni Kenshin OVA Collection (DVD) 2004-01-27
    Samurai X - Trust & Betrayal Director's Cut (DVD) 2003-05-20
    Samurai X - Director's Cut Collection DVD (DVD) 2005-12-06
    Samurai X - Trust (DVD 1) 2000-10-10
    Samurai X - Betrayal (DVD 2) 2000-11-14
VHS
    Samurai X - Betrayal (Dub.VHS 2) 2000-11-14 (from $3.99)
    Samurai X 1: Trust (Dub.VHS 1) 2000-08-22 (from $0.40)

Japanese staff
Japanese cast
Director: Kazuhiro Furuhashi
Screenplay: Masashi Sogo
Storyboard:
Jun Matsumoto (ep 2)
Kazuhiro Furuhashi (eps 1, 3-4)
Episode Director: Akira Shimizu (ep 2)
Music:
Eijiro Nakagawa (Trombone)
Eric Miyashiro (Trumpet)
Hajime Miura (Percussion)
Hijiri Kuwano (Strings)
Masakazu Ishibashi (Oboe)
Megumi Ishibashi (Horn)
Midori Takada (Percussion)
Otohiko Fujita (Horn)
Taku Iwasaki
Yoshio Kizu (Flute)
Original story: Nobuhiro Watsuki
Character Design: Masahide Yanagisawa
Art Director: Masami Hagiwara
Animation Director:
Akira Matsushima (eps 1, 3-4)
Atsuko Nakajima (ep 4)
Masahide Yanagisawa (ep 4)
Toshimitsu Kobayashi (ep 2)
Sound Director: Shoji Hata
Director of Photography: Masahide Okino
Executive producer:
Hiroshi Hasegawa
Ryuzo Shirakawa
A&R: Ai Abe (SME Visual Works)
Animation Check:
Noriko Teshima (ep 2)
Ryuichi Akahori (eps 1, 3-4)
Shinji Watanabe (eps 1, 3-4)
Tooru Sawamura (eps 1, 3-4)
Background Art:
Misa Kitahara (Bic Studio; ep 1)
Tomoko Doi (Bic Studio; ep 1)
Tomomi Yoshida (Bic Studio; ep 1)
Casting Assistant: Makoto Matsuda (Nelke Planning)
Cell Check: Hitomi Kawashima
Color design: Shinji Matsumoto
Finishing:
Chikako Nishimura (ep 2)
Chisato Tsumotani (eps 1-4)
Kimiko Onodera (ep 2)
Kiyomi Murakoshi (eps 1-4)
Kozue Arai (eps 1-4)
Mariko Miba (eps 1-4)
Yoko Nagano (eps 1-4)
In-Between Animation:
Akemi Morita (ep 2)
Akihiko Machida (eps 1, 3-4)
Aya Nagumo (ep 2)
Eriko Kimura (eps 3-4)
Eriko Murakami (ep 2)
Jun Kurada (eps 1, 3-4)
Kei Tsuchiya (eps 1, 3-4)
Keiko Nagamine (ep 2)
Kenichiro Ogata (eps 1, 3-4)
Kimiko Hoshi (eps 3-4)
Kyouko Yasuda (ep 2)
Marie Tagashira (ep 2)
Masayo Hanaoka (ep 2)
Maya Fujimori (ep 4)
Mayumi Hidaka (ep 1)
Mitsuko Taniguchi (ep 2)
Miyuki Sakai (eps 3-4)
Miyuki Yano (eps 3-4)
Norikichi Kataoka (ep 1)
Sachiyo Takada (eps 3-4)
Shinichi Nozaki (ep 2)
Shuji Maruyama (ep 2)
Takaaki Suzuki (ep 1)
Takashi Tsuge (eps 3-4)
Tsugumi Kohata (ep 1)
Yoshiko Sato (ep 2)
Literature Production: Tetsuo Tanaka
Mastering Engineer: Toshiya Horiuchi (Sony Music Studios)
Music Director: Takashi Kodama
Product Coordination: Chiho Sugiyama (SMC)
Production Advancement:
Makoto Sato (eps 1, 3-4)
Naomi Ishizumi (ep 2)
Naomi Sugawara (eps 1-4)
Shigeyuki Miya (eps 3-4)
Production manager: Keiichi Matsuda (eps 1-4)
Publicity: Keiko Asami (SPE Visual Works)
Recording & Mixing Engineer: Toshiyuki Yoshida
Recording Coordination:
Kazumi Nagamura
Yoshitaka Ono
Sound Effects: Minoru Yamada
Soundtrack Art Direction & Design: Yasuhiro Sugai (SMC)
Soundtrack Cover Illustration: Akira Matsushima
Soundtrack Promotion: Yoshiko Asami (SME Visual Works)
Voice Direction: Yuji Mitsuya
Junko Iwao as Tomoe Yukishiro
Mayo Suzukaze as Kenshin Himura

Azusa Nakao as Kasumi
Hidenori Konda as Brigand
Hiromi Setsu as Ikumatsu
Hiroshi Takahashi as Isami Kondō
Hirotaka Suzuoki as Hajime Saito
Kaori Yuasa as Sakura
Kōichi Tateishi as Brigand
Makoto Ueki as Patriot
Mariko Nagahama as Shirakawa Woman
Masami Suzuki as Shinta
Minoru Uchida as Tatsumi
Mitsuaki Hoshino as
Kaizuka
Katagai
Naomi Matamura as Woman
Nobuyuki Saitou as Brigand
Norihisa Mori as Ishiji
Noriko Namiki as Akane
Nozomu Sasaki as Enishi Yukishiro
Rikiya Koyama as Toshizō Hijikata
Ryusei Nakao as Iizuka
Sachiko Ikeda as Nobii
Satoshi Tsuruoka as Jūbei Shigekura
Shizuka Okohira as Kohagiya Landlady
Shuuichi Ikeda as Seijuro Hiko
Takahiro Hirano as Soldier
Teppei Takasugi as Soldier
Tetsuya Iwanaga as Akira Kiyosato
Tomokazu Seki as Kogoro Katsura
Tomokazu Yokoyama as Soldier
Wataru Takagi as Shinsaku Takasugi
Youko Ogai as Soushi Okita

Japanese companies
Animation Production: Studio DEEN
Backgrounds:
BIC Studio
Team's Art
Digital Works: Megumi
Film Processing: Imagica
Finish Animation:
AIC (ep 2)
Anime House (ep 2)
Ashi Productions (ep 2)
J.C. Staff (ep 2)
MI (ep 1)
Mook Animation (ep 3)
Production I.G (ep 3)
Studio MAMBO (ep 2)
Studio Mugihoshi (eps 2-3)
Studio Targe (ep 1)
Studio Toys (ep 2)
Tanni Animation (eps 1, 3-4)
Tatsunoko Production (eps 1, 3)
In-Between Animation:
Anime House (ep 2)
Anime Roman (eps 3-4)
Anime Torotoro (ep 4)
APPP (ep 1)
Ashi Productions (ep 2)
Big Bang (ep 2)
Dangan Pictures (ep 3)
J.C. Staff (ep 2)
Jec.E (ep 4)
Kino Production (ep 1)
Plum (ep 4)
SHAFT (ep 4)
Snowlight Staff (ep 2)
Studio Comet (ep 2)
Studio Mu (ep 1)
Studio Onepack (ep 3)
Studio Takuranke (eps 3-4)
Studio Victory (ep 2)
Studio Zaendou (ep 2)
Studio Zain (ep 2)
Tanni Animation (eps 3-4)
Vega Entertainment (ep 2)
Yumeta Company (eps 1-2)
Key Animation: Yumeta Company (ep 2)
Photography: T Nishimura
Planning Assistance: Fuji TV
Production: Aniplex
Recording: KSS Studio
Sound Production: SPE Visual Works
Titles: Maki Pro
English staff
English cast
ADR Director: Charles Campbell
Art Director: Laura Attwell
ADR Script: Lowell B. Bartholomee
Executive producer: John Ledford
Producer: Charles Campbell

ADR Engineer: Charles Campbell
DVD Producer: Sharon Papa
Editing: David Grundy
Graphic Design: Chris Hawley
International Coordination: Toru Iwakami
Production Coordination: Janice Williams
Production manager: Lisa J. Miller
Production Secretary: Anna Bechtol
Project Translator:
Chris Hutts
Masako Arakawa
Promotion: Rod Peters
Sound Design: Paul Killam
Subtitle Script: Lowell B. Bartholomee
Subtitle Timing: Neal Barnes
J. Shannon Weaver as Kenshin Himura
Rebecca Davis as Tomoe Yukishiro

Brian Gaston as Enishi
Corey M. Gagne as Katsura
Douglas Taylor as Katagai
Ellie McBride as Etoro
Jason Phelps as Takasugi
Joe York as Seijiro Hiko
John Bull as Hijikata 
John Paul Shephard as Tatsumi
Jose Brown as Kondo
Katherine Catmull as
Kotsu
Shinta
Ken Webster as Hajime Saitou
Lainie Frasier as Landlady
Lara Toner as Ikumatsu
Mallard Fillmore as Soudou
Martinique Duchene as
Flower Vendor
Kuma
Ray Clayton as Kiyosato
Samantha Inoue-Harte as village girl
Smokey Delange as Shigekura

English companies
ADR Recording: Monster Island
Broadcaster: The Anime Network
Distributor:
ADV Films (UK) (UK)
Aniplex of America (2011)
Madman Entertainment (Australia)
DVD Authoring & Encoding: M.O.F.C.
Internet Streaming: Hulu
Licensed by: ADV Films
Soundtrack: AnimeTrax
Korean staff
Korean cast
(none)
Mi-Na Yun as Tomoe Yukishiro
Sang-Hyeon Eom as Kenshin Himura

Gwang Jang as Isami Kondo
Hwan-Jin Kim as Hajime Saitou
Jeon-A Son as Shinta
Jeong-Min Bae as Souji Okita
Ji-Hun Park as Seijiro Hiko
O Inseong as Shinsaku Takasugi
Seok-Jeong Yang as Kogoro Katsura
Wan-Gyeong Seong as Iizuka
Yeong-Jun Si as Katagai
Yeong-Seon Kim as
Akira Kiyosato
Enishi Yukishiro
Korean companies
(none)
French staff
French cast
ADR Director: Hervé Caradec
Executive producer: Carlo Levy

Sound Engineer: Elodie Dommanget
Fabien Briche as Kenshin Himura

Bernard Demory as Iizuka
Bruno Magne as Kogoro Katsura
Christine Paris as Megumi Takani
Frederic Popovic as
Sanosuke Sagara
Yahiko Myojin
Jacques Albaret as Akira Kyosato - Jubei Shigekura
Maïté Monceau as Shinta - la fleuriste - une courtisane
Marie Gamory as Kaoru Kamiya
Mike Marshall as Hajime Saito
Olivier Jankovic as
Enishi Yukishiro
Sôji Okita
Patricia Marmoras as Tomoe Yukishiro
Thierry Kazazian as
Enishi Yukishiro
Seijuro Hiko

French companies
Broadcaster:
Canal +
Nolife
Distributor: Dybex
Dubbing: Studio Chinkel
Spanish staff
Spanish cast
(none)
Carlos Lladó as Kenshin Himura(Spain dub)
Maria Rosa Guillén as Tomoe(Spain dub)

Adolfo Pérez as Hajime Saitou(Spain dub)
Francesc Belda as
Ninja Yaminobu boss(Spain dub)
Seijuro Hiko(Spain dub)
Jordi Pineda as Kogoro Katsura(Spain dub)
Toni Mora as Kyosato(Spain dub)

Francesc Belda(Spain dub)
Francesc Rocamora(Spain dub)
Jordi Pineda(Spain dub)
Oscar Redondo(Spain dub)
Spanish companies
DVD Distribution: Selecta Visión (Spain)
TV Distribution: Selecta Visión
Italian staff
Italian cast
Dubbing Director: Silvana Fantini
Art Director: Andrea Sergio
Translation: Motoko Iwasaki

Coordination: Mandy Mometti
Dialogues: Gianluca Aicardi
Dubbing Sound: Walter Tuzzeo
Editorial Director: Anna Marani
Encoding And Authoring: Luca Franciosi
Executive Director: Carlo Cavazzoni
Graphic Assistant: Paolo Torchetti
Licensing: Mandy Mometti
Marketing Assistant: Alice Quaglino
Marketing Director: Giorgio Pulini
Partners Coordination: Gianluca Aicardi
Post Production:
Giampiero D'Angeli
Luca Franciosi (OP, ED credits)
Product Manager: Simona Stanzani
Production Assistant: Alex Corazza
Production Staff Secretary: Valeria Finco
Project Manager: Lorenzo Crotti
Debora Magnaghi as Tomoe Yukishiro
Patrizio Prata as Kenshin Himura

Gianluca Iacono as Kogoro Katsura
Natale Ciravolo as Seijuro Hiko

Alberto Sette as Hajime Saito
Claudio Beccari as Shinsaku Takasugi
Claudio Moneta as Iizuka
Mario Zucca as Tatsumi
Massimo Di Benedetto as Enishi Yukishiro
Patrizia Scianca as Soshi Okita
Italian companies
Broadcaster: MTV Italia
Distributor: Dynit
Dubbing: A.D.C. Group
DVD Authoring: DVD Hotminds S.r.l.
German cast
German staff
Dialogue Director: Detlef Klein
Dialogue Script: Detlef Klein
Antje von der Ahe as Tomoe Yukishiro
René Dawn-Claude as Kenshin Himura

Andi Krösing as
Sudo
Toshizō Hijikata
Andreas Hosang as Jūbei Shigekura
Anja Rybiczka as Kasumi
Claudia Galdy as Wirtin
Dirk Petrick as Enishi Yukishiro
Jan Makino as Soushi Okita
Jaron Löwenberg as Seijuro Hiko
Maria Sumner as Ikumatsu
Moritz Russ as Shinta
Oliver Betke as Shinsaku Takasugi
Peter Lontzek as Akira Kiyosato
Raimund Krone as Isami Kondō
Rainer Doering as Iizuka
Sebastian Jacob as Hajime Saito
Sven Gerhardt as Tatsumi
Thomas Schmuckert as Kogoro Katsura
Tim Moeseritz as Katagai
German companies
Distributor: Kazé Germany
Arabic staff
Arabic companies
(none)
Broadcaster: space power
Arabic cast
(none)
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